Key Points to Know: Complying with the US ELD Rule
1. What is an Electronic Logging Device (ELD)?
An ELD is technology that records data related to hours of service compliance, including the driver, the date, engine hours, vehicle miles and other information, with the functionality to transfer that data to an enforcement officer.
2. Focus of The Rule
The focus of the rule is on safety, to ensure drivers work within HOS requirements, and contains measures to address driver harassment by carriers. The rule is also meant to provide uniformity among electronic devices tracking driver HOS, given the variety currently available.
3. Phased-in Compliance Dates
- Final rule published – December 15, 2015
- Effective date – February 16, 2016
- Phase 1 compliance date – December 18, 2017
- Phase 3 compliance date – December 18, 2019
4. Exemptions from the requirement to use ELDs
- Short-haul drivers (those who qualify for 100- or 150- air-mile short haul exemptions from HOS regulations)
- Drivers who use paper logs for not more than 8 days during any 30-day period
- Drivers who conduct drive-away/tow-away operations, where the vehicle being driven is the commodity being delivered
- Drivers of vehicles manufactured before model year 2000
- Drivers in this list who currently meet HOS requirements via a paper log may continue to use paper
5. Driver harassment & coercion measures
- Volume controls and mute function for ELDs to avoid interrupting a driver in a sleeper berth
- Position accuracy is limited to a 10-mile radius when drivers operate a commercial vehicle for authorized personal use, to provide privacy while still tracking HOS compliance
- Limited editing by the driver or others allowed (a driver must confirm changes proposed by the carrier) but without changes to the original data (edits must be annotated with the reason for the change)
- Allowing drivers access to their own data for six months
- A process for drivers to report harassment by a carrier involving ELDs. For the carrier to penalized, the driver must have violated an HOS rule at the carrier’s insistence.
See: Prohibiting Coercion of Commercial Motor Vehicle Drivers Rule
6. Start now to plan for early adoption
Switching to ELDs will require a transition plan as well as new policies and internal processes, and carriers still using paper logs or smartphone/tablet apps should start this part of the process now.
For more details, see: BCTA – Key Points to Know: Complying with the US ELD Rule
Tia Chisholm, HUB International TRANSPORTATION
HUB International TRANSPORTATION specialists are based in Vancouver. Our longstanding relationships with the best providers in the business allow us to deliver the solution that serve you best. With HUB, you can run your business knowing that you are headed in the right direction.